Toyen (1902–1980).  Not only was she an amazing surrealist painter and illustrator, she was quite beautiful herself.  During WW2, she helped to hide a fellow painter (who was Jewish) in her home for four years.


Obit of the Day (Historical): Ole Kirk Christiansen, Founder of LEGO (1958)
Ole Kirk Christiansen was a carpenter by trade. But during the Great Depression he found that opportunities for large-scale carpentry projects dwindled, so he began making small household items and wooden toys. By 1932 Mr. Christiansen, with the help of his 12-year-old son Godtfried, was making and selling 28 different types of toys and had abandoned the household product line.
In 1934, Mr. Christiansen had a contest to name this toy company. The winning entry was his own: LEGO. It was a combination of the Danish words leg godt, which means “play well.” He also puchased a larger factory and began producing more complicated wooden toys including a rather popular LEGO Duck. 
After World War II, Mr. Christiansen saw that the future of toys was in plastics. LEGO had purchased a plastic mold injection machine and the salesman showed them one of the more successful toys made in England. It was a small plastic brick with four round studs on top that would allow the bricks to connect to each other. Their inventor, HIllary “Harry” Page, called them “self-locking bricks” and they were patented in England*.
That did not stop Mr. Christiansen (or companies in Sweden and Norway) from making their own plastic bricks. They were essentially the Kiddicraft bricks with some slight modifications including making them 0.1 mm smaller, replacing rounded edges with straight edges and flattening the studs on top. In 1949, LEGO marketed its first sets of “automatic binding blocks.”
Beginning with just three sets which had bricks of red, yellow, white, green, and occasionally blue. They only included 2x2 and 3x2 pieces along with windows and doors that could be inserted between bricks.
By 1953, the company no longer referred to the toy as “automatic binding bricks” and simply called them LEGO Mursten, which is Danish for “bricks.”^ Two years later the company was selling 28 different LEGO sets and 8 vehicles. In 1958 they modified the bricks further with the now-familiar tube underside. It was this design that Mr. Christiansen patented and has remained intact for nearly 60 years.
On March 11, 1958 Ole Kirk Christiansen died at the age of 66. 
In 2013 LEGO had record sales totaling $4.6 billion world wide. LEGO has manufactured more than 400 billion bricks since 1958, which averages to approximately 62 bricks per person worldwide.
Sources: brickipedia, Wikipedia, BadAssDigest.com, Gizmodo and Bloomberg.com
(Image of the LEGO Munsten box from a 1952-1953 set where the company still called them “automatic binding bricks.” Courtesy of brickipedia)
* Mr. Page never learned about LEGO and there is some controversy as to whether LEGO, in fact, violated the patent based on modifications Mr. Christiansen made to the bricks. In 1981 LEGO purchased the London-based Kiddicraft while at the same time suing Tyco for violating LEGO’s copyright. LEGO lost the suit, which may give us the answer to the LEGO-Kiddicraft copyright question.
^ There is no such thing as a “Lego” or “Legos,” the company refers to them as bricks. LEGO is an adjective.





If Hoyoung Lee’s concept printer becomes reality, you’ll never throw away another pencil stub or buy another ink cartridge. The pencil printer separates the wood from pencils and uses the lead to print documents. There’s even a built-in eraser component that allows you to remove text from a page and reuse the paper, so you’ll be saving money and trees.
See more of bizarre green inventions.

INNOVATIVE MINDS!!! Blooming and blossoming all around! This is brilliant!



Oh shit is that Alcibiades? You’re damn right its Alcibiades.Adopted son of Athenian Genius leader Pericles, Manipulated people into doing whatever the hell he wanted them too, threw wild parties, was outrageously bisexual to the point even the greeks were like “damn man”. Defected from Athens to Sparta, Knocked up the king of Sparta’s wife with a kid who’d then become king of Sparta and so then defected to Persia, organized them to overthrow the government in Athens, Joined forces with the Loyalist Athenians and then re-defected back to Athens to become its war leader and take a nation that had lost 40% of its population from brink of defeat to brink of victory until the people got mad at him for one defeat, so he decided “fuck it” and retired to his castle in Thrace with a bunch of ladies/men. Persians eventually got sick of his shit so they burned it down, and so he did the logical reaction of charging out the the flaming castle with just a dagger stabbing dudes to death until he was killed.Im not even remotely gay, but damn, id be his groupie. 





(via reddit)


legitimately me when I wake up
when I’m eating
when I’m getting out of the shower
99% of the time

When someone touches my books without my permission


Obit of the Day: Inventor of the Mouse
If you are reading this post on screen, with a keyboard and a mouse you have Doug Engelbart to thank. At a time when computers were room-sized calculators capable of accepting single-user input only, Mr. Engelbart saw that creating computers with monitors and attached peripherals would lead to a greater sharing of group intelligence.
He stunned the technology world in 1968 when he sat at a keyboard with his recently patented “X-Y Position Indicator for a Display System.” (He and his co-creator Bill English, dubbed the device a “mouse” because of it’s size and the resemblance of the cord to a tail.) As over one thousand people watched, Mr. Engelbart showed the future of computing on a 25 foot video screen that projected images of what he was doing. He also participated in the first videoconference during his presentation.
It would take a decade and a half before the mouse became popular, when Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak attached them to all of their new Apple Macintosh computers. (Microsoft did make its MS-DOS operating system mouse compatible in 1983 but Apple first made them standard.)
Random note: In an piece written on September 19, 1984 John Dvorak of the San Francisco Examiner thought that one of the reasons that the Macintosh would fail was that “[t]he machine uses an experimental pointing device called a ‘mouse’”. Source: Apple Confidential 2.0 by Owen Linzmeyer
For all the success of Mr. Engelbart’s device - over 1 billion sold since the 1980s - he saw little financial gain. When the device was patented in 1967 it was only for 17 years. Once it expired, the technology was available to the public.
Doug Engelbart, who was awarded the National Medal of Technology in 2000 by President Bill Clinton, died on July 2, 2013 at the age of 88.
Sources: Miami Herald , NY Times, and Wikipedia
(Image of Mr. Engelbart’s first mouse, made of wood, is copyright of Robert Holmgren from his flickriver.com account)

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